Occupational therapists and occupational therapy assistants help people across the lifespan participate in the things they want and need to do through the therapeutic use of everyday activities (occupations).
Common occupational therapy interventions include helping children with disabilities to participate fully in school and social situations, helping people recovering from injury to regain skills, and providing supports for older adults experiencing physical and cognitive changes.
Physical therapists provide services that develop, maintain and restore people’s maximum movement and functional ability. They can help people at any stage of life, when movement and function are threatened by aging, injury, diseases, disorders, conditions or environmental factors.
Speech therapy is an intervention service that focuses on improving a person’s speech and abilities to understand and express language, including nonverbal language. Speech therapists, or speech and language pathologists (SLPs), are the professionals who provide these services.
Speech therapy includes two components:
1) coordinating the mouth to produce sounds to form words and sentences (to address articulation, fluency, and voice volume regulation); and
2) understanding and expressing language (to address the use of language through written, pictorial, body, and sign forms, and the use of language through alternative communication systems such as social media, computers, and iPads).
In addition, the role of SLPs in treating swallowing disorders has broadened to include all aspects of Mental Health Services.